Five U.S. ports led the way in total trade growth: Tacoma, Long Beach, Virginia, the Delaware River ports and the North Carolina ports.
Although no Mexican or Canadian ports achieved double-digit growth in total 2013 container trade among the Top 25, Prince Rupert’s 6-year-old container port spiked 21.7 percent year-over-year on the export leg. That performance was just below Tacoma, the fastest-growing port on the list for exports (24.3 percent), imports (16.4 percent) and total trade (19.6 percent). That port got a major boost when the Grand Alliance of Hapag-Lloyd, NYK Line and OOCL shifted their services from Seattle in mid-2012.
Q: How big is the North American container trade, and how do the countries and the biggest ports stack up?
U.S. ports handled 79 percent of the laden North American container trade, with Los Angeles-Long Beach — the continent’s largest port complex, by far — accounting for 32.8 percent of North American imports, 19.7 percent of exports and 27.3 percent of total trade.
Overall North American trade totaled 39 million laden 20-foot-equivalent units in 2013, led by U.S. ports with 30.8 million TEUs. Canadian ports handled 4.6 million TEUs, representing 11.8 percent of the market, and Mexican ports, with 3.6 million TEUs, accounted for 9.2 percent.
Q: How big is the North American export trade?
U.S. ports handled the lion’s share of North American exports in 2013. Of the total 16.5 million TEUs moving overseas, U.S. ports handled 12.8 million, or 77.4 percent. Exports through Canadian ports totaled 2.1 million TEUs, for a 12.9 percent share, and Mexican ports moved 1.6 million TEUs in exports, for a 9.7 percent share.