Business in the Arctic – from mining to shipping. Even with melting ice and rising temperatures, few can make the numbers work enough to be worth it. Add to this tensions between the West and Russia – firms are staying clear.
What kind of money are we talking about?
Ice-breaking tankers that are able to carry gas from Siberia cost $100 million, or 50 percent more than normal vessels and hundreds of millions of dollars are needed to upgrade railways serving Arctic ports.
“There is a need for a reality check by the business community,” Norwegian Shipowners’ Association head, Sturla Henriksen, told Reuters at an Arctic business conference he hosted this month in Bodoe, a Norwegian Arctic port.
Even where costs are not prohibitive, getting a loan to fund projects has been made far more difficult by uncertainty over tensions between the West and Russia, Peter Evensen, Chief Executive of Canadian-based Teekay LNG Partners said.
In July, Teekay and China LNG ordered six liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers to export gas from Russia’s Yamal Peninsula from 2018 under a $27 billion project by Russia’s Novatek, France’s Total and China National Petroleum Corp.
“The big question for Yamal LNG and for suppliers such as us is ‘can you get financing?” Evenson said. Western banks aren’t jumping in.
Away from the conference, on a mountain pass near the Norwegian port of Narvik, Stein-Hugo Steffensen of the Ofoten Railway shows off a new section of track and a cover to protect against avalanches installed this summer costing $4 million.
“This is the Norwegian answer to the Suez Canal,” he said of the link between the Atlantic and Baltic Seas that opened in 1903 and controls exports from the Swedish mines – one of the reasons the Nazis invaded Norway in 1940.
Steffensen wants hundreds of millions of dollars to upgrade the railway linking Swedish state mining company LKAB’s iron ore mine in Sweden to the port of Narvik – where wagons need to be hosed with water to unfreeze cargoes in winter – to meet a projected rise in exports despite low world prices.
Although climate change is opening the Arctic, ice is not disappearing as fast as some forecasts. Arctic sea ice covered about 5 million sq kms (1.9 million sq miles) this summer – almost twice the size of India.
The thaw is opening a short-cut route along the north of Russia between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. But higher Russian charges for ice-breaker escorts and sanctions on Moscow after it annexed Crimea have dampened interest.
The number of voyages supported by Russia’s Atomflot ice-breaker fleet so far this year has fallen to 28, including some on domestic routes, said Sergei Balmasov of the Northern Sea Route Information Office. Last year, 71 ships used the route in a surge from four in 2008. And some experts say that the world should avoid the Arctic altogether, because oil and shipping are too costly.
“There is absolutely no hurry. There is much too much oil right now. And in any case it will be the most expensive oil in the world,” Norwegian shipping magnate Fred Olsen said.
Source: Doyle, Reuters